PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF ADOPTION ON DRUG-EXPOSED CHILDREN
Studies which evaluate drug-exposed children after adoption bypass many of the factors that contribute to poor outcome. However, such studies rarely account for the child's age at placement, circumstances of care prior to adoption, and new factors within the adoptive home.
In an "all adoption" study, 233 children were evaluated approximately 8 years after domestic adoption. Compared to those without prenatal drug exposure, those with a history of prenatal drug exposure were twice as likely to be enrolled in classes for the learning disabled. However, their parents reported similar closeness, quality of family relations, and satisfaction with the adoption to that of parents of non-drug-exposed children.