ADOPTION EDUCATION, LLC
FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME
Fetal alcohol syndrome is a constellation of physical and neurobehavioral abnormalities resulting from maternal ingestion of alcohol during pregnancy.
The characteristics of FAS include:
- Pre- or postnatal growth retardation (below the 10th percentile)
- Facial dysmorphology (structural defects) such as midline facial defects, micro-ophthalmia (an abnormally small eye, a congenital malformation of the globe) and/or short palpebral fissures (short eye openings), poorly developed philtrum (area above the upper lip), thin upper lip and absent cupid's bow, flattened maxillary area (flat cheekbones) and low-set ears.
- Central nervous system anomalies such as developmental delay, intellectual impairment, behavioral disturbances and microcephaly (less than third percentile).