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FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME


DEFINITIONS

Fetal alcohol syndrome is a constellation of physical and neurobehavioral abnormalities resulting from maternal ingestion of alcohol during pregnancy.

The characteristics of FAS include:

  1. Pre- or postnatal growth retardation (below the 10th percentile)
  2. Facial dysmorphology (structural defects) such as midline facial defects, micro-ophthalmia (an abnormally small eye, a congenital malformation of the globe) and/or short palpebral fissures (short eye openings), poorly developed philtrum (area above the upper lip), thin upper lip and absent cupid's bow, flattened maxillary area (flat cheekbones) and low-set ears.
  3. Central nervous system anomalies such as developmental delay, intellectual impairment, behavioral disturbances and microcephaly (less than third percentile).

 

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