PHYSICAL FEATURES OF FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME AND ALCOHOL-RELATED BIRTH DEFECTS AND NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
Children with prenatal alcohol exposure have a variety of abnormal physical features. The characteristic facial appearance is usually under recognized in the newborn period but becomes more apparent during late infancy and early childhood. Many of the facial features become less prominent as children enter adolescence.
Growth delays are characteristic of FAS and ARBD. Nearly 80% of children have height, weight and/or head circumference below the fifth percentile at birth, throughout infancy and beyond. The microcephaly results from poor brain growth.