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FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME


SPECIFIC PHYSICAL FEATURES OF FAS BY TYPE1

Skeletal

  • Clinodactyly - curving of the fifth finger (the little finger) toward the fourth finger (the ring finger)
  • Camptodactyly - inability to fully extend the fingers
  • Radioulnar synostosis - condition where the 2 bones in the forearm are fused together
  • Flexion contractures - inability to fully straighten or extend at a joint
  • Altered creases on the palm of the hand
  • Small distal phalanges - last bones of the fingers
  • Short fourth and fifth metacarpals - cylindrical bones extending from the wrist to the fingers
  • Small fifth fingernails
  • Short neck cervical vertebral malformations
  • Hemivertebrae - Congenital malformation of the spine in which only half of a vertebral body develops
  • Pectus excavatum - funnel chest, "caved-in" chest
  • Pectus carinatum - pigeon-breasted
  • Rib anomalies
  • Myelomeningocele - congenital disorder where the backbone and spinal canal do not close before birth. Also known as spina bifida.
  • Hydrocephalus - abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain
  • Maxillary hypoplasia and micrognthia - flat cheekbones
  • Notes
    1 Most definitions were obtained from the website MedicineNet.com.

     

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