HISTORY OF ADOPTION IN THE UNITED STATES
TIMELINE OF ADOPTION HISTORY IN BRIEF - 1947-1954
1948 - Following World War II, the Displaced Persons Act enables more than 200,000 refugees to come to America, including approximately 3,000 orphans.
1948 - The first recorded transracial adoption of an African-American child by white parents took place in Minnesota.
1949 - New York was the first state to pass a law against black market adoptions, which proved unenforceable in practice.
1949 - Pearl Buck founds Welcome House, an organization promoting the adoption of Asian American children.
1951 - An estimated 70 percent of adopted children are infants. Prior to the development of infant formula in the late 1920s, most adoptees were older children.
1953 - Congress allows up to 500 special visas for orphans adopted by U.S. servicemen or civil servants during the Korean War.
1953 - The Refugee Relief Act allows an additional 4,000 orphan visas to be granted over the next three years, but this provision is not able to accommodate all the orphans waiting to be adopted.
1953 - Uniform Adoption Act first proposed. Few states ever adopted it; Jean Paton founded Orphan Voyage, the first adoptee search support network.
1953-1954 - Child Welfare League of America conducted nationwide survey of adoption agency practices.
1953-1958 - The first nationally coordinated effort to locate adoptive homes for African American children, the National Urban League Foster Care and Adoptions Project.
1954 - Helen Doss published The Family Nobody Wanted.
1954 - Jean Paton published The Adopted Break Silence, the first book to offer a variety of first-person adoption narratives and promote the notion that adoptees had a distinctive identity.
From: The Adoption History Project website www.uoregon.edu/~adoption/index.html Used With