EFFECTS OF INSTITUTIONALIZATION
Most internationally adopted children are placed with their families after residing for months or years in orphanages or other institutions. Many of the problems seen in these children after arrival in the United States have been attributed, rightly or wrongly, to institutional care during critical early phases of development.
The adverse effects of institutionalization on young children have been recognized for many years. However, many factors contribute to outcome, including prenatal exposures, genetics, the reasons that the child was placed in the institution, and the individual experience of the child within the institution prior to adoption.
From THE HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION MEDICINE by Laurie C. Miller. © 2004 by Oxford University Press, Inc. Used by Permission.