EFFECTS OF INSTITUTIONALIZATION
THE EXPERIENCE OF INSTITUTIONALIZATION
Surprisingly little is documented about the actual hour-by-hour experience of children living in institutional care. In one study, crying patterns among institutionalized Korean infants were compared with those of infants living with their families. The institutionalized children cried twice as much as the home infants, had half the contact period with caregivers, and were alone much longer. In a time-use study comparison with family-reared children attending day care, orphanage children spent significantly less time with adults, engaged in significantly fewer activities, and spent less time in adult-led activities. The children in the orphanage spent approximately 70% of waking time alone and only 30% with a caregiver; the children in day care showed the opposite pattern.
From THE HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION MEDICINE by Laurie C. Miller. © 2004 by Oxford University Press, Inc. Used by Permission.