EFFECTS OF INSTITUTIONALIZATION
THE RIGHTS OF INSTITUTIONALIZED CHILDREN
The rights of institutionalized children are recognized by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. This international document includes the following provisions:
"All children have the right to education, the right to home, the right to family the right to the highest standard of health and medical care available, and the right of protection from abuse and neglect". Children without families are guaranteed "appropriate alternative family care or institutional placement," and disabled children are guaranteed the right to special care, education, and training "to help achieve the greatest degree of self-reliance and social integration possible." Finally, all institutionalized children are guaranteed the right to periodic review of placement.
As of 2004, this Convention has been ratified by all countries of the world except the United States and Somalia. Nonetheless, this important document reflects recognition by the international community of the inherent rights of children, and those specifically left without parental care. It is hoped that these rights will be recognized and protected for the hundreds of thousands of abandoned children throughout the world.
From THE HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION MEDICINE by Laurie C. Miller. © 2004 by Oxford University Press, Inc. Used by Permission.