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SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - BULGARIA


HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION

The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights-civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. In 1989, world leaders decided that children needed a special convention just for them because people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that the world recognized that children have human rights too. The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. By agreeing to undertake the obligations of the Convention (by ratifying or acceding to it), national governments have committed themselves to protecting and ensuring children's rights and they have agreed to hold themselves accountable for this commitment before the international community. States parties to the Convention are obliged to develop and undertake all actions and policies in the light of the best interests of the child. 2

The Convention for the Rights of the Child was signed and ratified by Bulgaria. According to the Convention for the Rights of the Child, Bulgarian adoption law and all the procedures accept the fact that priority is always given to Bulgarian families and only after there is clear evidence that Bulgarian families have refused to adopt a particular child can that child be placed for inter-country adoption. 3

 

2 UNICEF Convention on the Rights of the Children, http://www.unicef.org/crc/

3 FaCAB, Families with Children Adopted from Bulgaria, http://www.orgsites.com/wa/facab/_pgg1.php3

 

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