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Bulgaria is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention). Therefore all adoptions between Bulgaria and the United States must meet the requirements of the Convention and U.S. law implementing the Convention. The U.S. Government agency responsible for making this determination is the Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

In addition to these U.S. requirements for prospective adoptive parents, Bulgaria also has several requirements for prospective adoptive parents. There are no residency requirements to complete an intercountry adoption in Bulgaria. However, prospective adoptive parents are expected to spend five days with their adoptive child before the orphanage director will release the child. Prospective adoptive parents may be married or single. Adoptive parents must be at least fifteen years older than their adoptive children, but no more than forty-five years older.

Children from Bulgaria must meet the requirements of the Hague Convention in order to be eligible for adoption. The Convention requires that Bulgaria attempt to place a child with a family in-country before determining that a child is eligible for intercountry adoption. Under Bulgarian law, a child may become eligible for intercountry adoption only if three Bulgarian families have declined to adopt him/her. In addition to Bulgaria's requirements, a child must meet the definition of a Convention adoptee in order to bring him or her back to the United States. More information about eligibility can be found here http://adoption.state.gov/about/how/childeligibility.html.


5 Office of Children's Issues, United States Department of State, Bulgaria Country Information, http://adoption.state.gov/country/bulgaria.html


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