SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - COLOMBIA
SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR CHILDREN ADOPTED FROM COLOMBIA
Before the Adoption
Licensed private adoption houses offer support to birth mothers considering adoption. A pregnant mother may stay in these maternity homes during and after her pregnancy where she receives counseling and pre/post-natal care, as well as job training. She gives birth in a hospital and her child is cared for in the agency nursery or foster care.
Most of the children available for adoption have been voluntarily placed in orphanage due to poor economic conditions in their families of origin. Many children are abandoned by single parents who simply cannot afford to feed them, or who must work to survive and cannot afford child care while they work. Others come from families where they have been neglected or mistreated and their parent's parental rights have been taken away from them. Many of these orphanages are public and approximately 2/3 of the children are from the Bogotá area. As of this writing, Colombia has over 4,000 children waiting for families who are either older (age 9 and older), part of sibling groups, or who have special needs.
The medical and background information on children from Colombia is usually accurate and thorough. When a child is assigned, generally, photograph(s), a general health report, results of certain blood tests (including a test for Hepatitis B and HIV), and brief written social/developmental description of the child are provided. Overall, children from South America have been considerably healthier than children from certain other areas of the world.
After the Adoption 4
Colombian law does not currently have any post-adoption requirements.
Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. Take advantage of all the resources available to your family -- whether it's another adoptive family, a support group, an advocacy organization, or your religious or community services.
4 Intercountry Adoption, Colombia, Office of Children's Issues, United States Department of State, www.adoption.state.gov/country/colombia.html