SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - ETHIOPIA
ADOPTION NOTICE from the U.S. Department of State.
HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION
The growing interest in Ethiopia comes at a time when the leading countries for international adoption - China, Guatemala and Russia - are, respectively, tightening eligibility requirements, under scrutiny for corruption in their respective adoption systems, or closing the borders to American agencies.
Ethiopia, with a population of 76 million, has an estimated five million orphans. Ethiopia has more orphaned children than it knows what to do with and there are few resources to care for them. Many African countries have outlawed or impeded the adoption of their children by foreigners. For Ethiopia, it is preferable for children to be brought up in their own culture. However, extended family or community members are unable to care for many of these children. Ethiopia instead has welcomed foreign families who are willing to provide homes for children who have lost one or both parents to AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis or starvation, or who come from families too destitute to feed and clothe them.
The content of this course is based upon materials found on-line at UNICEF-Statistics, UNICEF-Background, CDC, U.S. Department of State, Report - AIDS in Ethiopia, Fourth Edition, October 2002 (Ministry of Health Disease Prevention and Control Department, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia), and other internet sources