SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - ETHIOPIA
GENERAL HEALTH ISSUES IN THE POPULATION
Ethiopia is among the 20 most populated countries in the world, the second most populous region in Africa, with a population of approximately 77 million. As well, it is on of the oldest countries in the world with a recorded history of over 3000 years and was the home of the Queen of Sheba.
Ethiopia is also one of the poorest countries in the world. Only 6 per cent from the central government expenditure is allocated to health and 16 per cent to education. Almost half of its gross domestic product comes from agriculture, and around three quarters of the country's workforce are employed in this sector. Frequent periods of drought limit agricultural productivity, which affects the manufacturing sector, which is heavily dependent on inputs from the agricultural sector. Over 90% of large-scale industry, but less than 10% of agriculture, is state-run.
Seventeen years of civil war in Ethiopia, which lasted from 1974 until 1991, bankrupted the country and left millions of children without family. The numbers continue to increase as the diseases of poverty cause premature deaths of parents.
The content of this course is based upon materials found on-line at UNICEF-Statistics, UNICEF-Background, CDC, U.S. Department of State, Report - AIDS in Ethiopia, Fourth Edition, October 2002 (Ministry of Health Disease Prevention and Control Department, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia), and other internet sources