SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - INDIA
GENERAL HEALTH ISSUES OF THE POPULATION
Despite impressive gains in economic investment and output, India faces pressing problems such as significant overpopulation (population: 1,147,995,898 based on a July 2008 estimate), environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic and religious strife. 5
India grows by 16 million people every year (or 43,836 a day), just 2 million less than the entire population of Australia. Forty percent of the world's poor live in India, with 28 percent living below the poverty line. More than a third live on less than a dollar a day, and 80 percent live on less than two dollars a day. 6
Common to India are natural hazards which include droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; and earthquakes. 5 The extremely high poverty level makes it difficult to recover quickly from disasters.
5 Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook
6 U.S. Department of State