SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - PHILIPPINES
LOGISTICS - continued
Children Available for Inter-Country Adoption 7
In the Philippines, Filipino children need to be made socio-legally free for adoption prior to any kind of alternative family placement. Children available for intercountry adoption placement are those who cannot be placed with an adoptive family in the Philippines. The children available for adoption have either been abandoned, parents' rights have been relinquished, or may have some medical condition that the biological parents are unable to afford. The children reside in public or private facilities.
Relative Adoption as applies to inter-country adoption refers to the adoption of Filipino child/ren by relatives residing abroad within the fourth (4th) degree of consanguinity. This means that the child must be the prospective adoptive parent's grandchild, great grandchild, great-great grandchild, brother, sister, niece, nephew, grandniece, grandnephew, aunt, uncle, or first cousin. A child who is any other relation (i.e. a first cousin's child) would not be eligible to be adopted through a relative adoption in the Philippines.
In addition, all children have to be cleared for intercountry adoption by the Competent Authority - Programs and Projects Bureau of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (PPB DSWD)-Central Office.
Prospective adoptive parents can not specify their gender preference. Children of either sex are usually available but there may be longer waiting period for girls because of the Filipino culture. Filipino families hold on to their daughters since they are generally more submissive, less difficult to parent and can be relied upon to care for their family of origin even as the parents grow old.
7 The Official Government Portal of the Republic of the Philippines, http://www2.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2000165&Itemid=40