SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - PHILIPPINES
SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR CHILDREN ADOPTED FROM THE PHILIPPINES
Before the Adoption 17, 18
Generally, the health and development of the children is good. Due to the effects of institutionalization, some children will have some mild developmental delays.
Most children who are placed into care immediately after birth are done so voluntarily by their birth parents. Many of the birth parents give significant information about the child's backgrounds including why they could not parent the child. Children at older ages enter care either voluntarily by their birth parents or involuntarily through the child welfare system. For these children, information about their history and their birth parents may be limited.
There are three types of placement options for Filipino children entering into care. The first are Government-run Child Caring Agencies, called "Reception and Study Centers for Children," or RSCCs. As compared to private agencies, they are typically larger, with fewer staff. There are about 20 of these RSCCs located in the different provinces throughout the Philippines. RSCCs are typically located on a few acres of ground, with an administrative building, several cottages, a dining room, and maintenance buildings. There may be up to 100 children at an RSCC.
The children residing at a RSCC are divided by ages and genders into different cottages. Siblings may not be together in the same cottage. The staff work on a shift basis, and the cottage parents may or may not live with the children in the cottage. Children attend school at the local public school, and may either walk or be given money to take public transportation.
The children are relatively unsupervised while playing and sleeping and their opportunities to relate to adults in a meaningful way are limited. Adults are there to supervise and monitor, not to converse with, guide, problem-solve, comfort, or nurture.
17 International Child Foundation, Inc., www.childfound.org/adoption_philippines.html
18 Inter-Country Adoption Board (ICAB), www.icab.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=25