SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - PHILIPPINES
SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR CHILDREN ADOPTED FROM THE PHILIPPINES - continued
Before the Adoption 17, 18 - continued
The second type are privately-run Child Caring Agencies or CCA, which may or may not be religiously affiliated. There are several hundred of these CCAs throughout the country. Many of the laypeople who run private agencies have affiliations with Christian organizations throughout the world. Those organizations provide financial and in-kind contributions to the orphanages.
Private Child Caring Agencies vary greatly in their design and structure. Some are as small as a private home, caring for a dozen children. Others are large compounds, caring for up to 250 children. Usually children can be kept together with their siblings. In many of the houses, children of both sexes can live in the same building, but will sleep in different bedrooms. Depending on the location, the children may attend the local public school, a private school, or a school located within the compound. They may have permanent cottage-parents, who function essentially as foster parents, or three shifts of child care workers.
As compared with RSCCs, CCAs typically have more resources to offer children in their care. The children are usually better clothed, fed, and have access to better medical care. Private agencies often benefit from the services of foreign volunteers, so the children have had interactions with those outside their immediate circle of caregivers and peers. The daily schedule of children in a private Child Caring Agency is similar to that of a government agency, but the level of supervision and interaction with adults is quantitatively and qualitatively greater.
Last, there are foster homes which are under the supervision of the private CCAs. Only 5 percent of the children reside in foster homes.
17 International Child Foundation, Inc., www.childfound.org/adoption_philippines.html
18 Inter-Country Adoption Board (ICAB), www.icab.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13&Itemid=25