SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - PHILIPPINES
HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION
Religious organizations provided the care for poor and abandoned children in the early days of the Philippines during the 1800's. The first government orphanage was established in 1917, under U.S. auspices. The Civil Code of the Philippines of 1950 provided for childless couples, including alien residents, to adopt. Most adoptions were handled by the courts when the Civil Code took effect. The Rules of Court took effect on January 1, 1964 which laid out new procedures for adoption. 2
The Child and Youth Welfare Code of December 10, 1974 eased the limitation that only childless couples could adopt. The code also states that the Department of Social Welfare must do a case study of the child to be adopted, the natural parents and the prospective adopting parents. 2
In 1976, the Council for the Welfare of Children put in place rules and regulations on foreign adoption. If a suitable home could not be found in the Philippines, than adoption of a Filipino child by someone from another country would be allowed. The secretary of the Department of Social Welfare and Development had the authority to approve placements and travel to another country. 2
2 ADOPTION: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK. Moe, Barbara. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO Contemporary World Issues. 1998, 303 pp.