SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - UKRAINE
SPECIAL CONSIDERATION FOR CHILDREN ADOPTED FROM UKRAINE
Before the adoption
Children reside in government-run orphanages. Foster care is virtually unknown. "Baby homes" provide care for children under 3 years of age. Children are then transferred to orphanages where they reside until age approximately 7 years. After age 7, children become the responsibility of the Ministry of Education, which supervises orphanage care until age approximately 17 years. At each transfer point, children are evaluated by a team of specialists to determine the appropriate placement (e.g. special needs facility, educational program, etc.).
Ukrainian children who have been registered with the Kyiv-based State Department for Adoptions and Protection of Rights of the Child for one year are available for international adoption. The one-year waiting requirement may be waived only if children suffer from a disease listed with the Ministry of Public Health Protection. According to the State Department for Adoptions and Protection of Rights of the Child, only 16% of all adoptable Ukrainian children are under five years old and relatively healthy. At the same time, 50% of all the U.S. prospective adopting families have indicated specific interest in this category of children. 3
3 US Embassy in Ukraine, http://kiev.usembassy.gov/amcit_adoptions_eng.html
Unless noted above, content for Ukraine is from THE HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION MEDICINE by Laurie C. Miller. Copyright 2004 by Oxford University Press, Inc. Used by Permission.