SPECIAL REGIONAL CONSIDERATIONS - UKRAINE
HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION
Adoptions from Ukraine are relatively recent. Ukraine first appeared on the list of "top 20" sending countries in 1998 (at #11, with 180 children). Since then, the number of Ukrainian children adopted in the United States has sky-rocketed. The reasons for this rise are complex. Closures in other countries prompted some families to investigate Ukraine. Some parents prefer the opportunity to "choose their own child," and some perceive the legal process as less cumbersome than in other countries. More than one child may be adopted at the same time. Prior to 2008, there were no firm age restrictions for adoptive parents.
Since the establishment of the Children Adoption Centre at the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, about 10,000 children have been adopted by foreigners from 1996-2002. As Ukrainian adoption became more popular, more concerns have arisen regarding corruption. In February 2003, Ukraine opened an investigation of foreign adoptions. An initial inquiry revealed forged documents and other fraudulent material. Between September 2005 and December 2006, Ukraine adoption authorities suspended acceptance of new applications from prospective international adopters, citing more than 500 outstanding post-placement reports since 1996.
As of mid-December 2006, the new national adoption authority of Ukraine (the State Department for Adoptions and Protections of Rights of the Child, known as SPDAPRC) announced the acceptance of adoption applications from non-Ukrainian prospective adoptive parents.
From THE HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ADOPTION MEDICINE by Laurie C. Miller. © 2004 by Oxford University Press, Inc. Used by Permission.