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Overall authority for Vietnamese adoption policy rests with the Ministry of Justice's Department of International Adoptions (DIA) in Hanoi. In addition, however, the Public Security Department, Justice Department and People's Committee of the child's Vietnamese province of residence also have their own important roles in the process. According to the Vietnamese "Law on Marriage and the Family," adoptive parents must be at least 20 years older than the children they wish to adopt. Only one single person or one married couple may adopt. S/he or they must meet all of the following requirements: have not had their parental rights restricted by authorities, have good ethical qualities, and have the capacity to care for, support, and educate the adoptive child. If married, both persons must meet all requirements.

Vietnam law permits adoption by married couples (one man, one woman) and single heterosexual persons. Vietnam law prohibits homosexual individuals or couples from adopting Vietnamese children.

Children up to and including the age of 15 can be adopted. Under Vietnamese law, a child over age nine must consent in writing to his/her adoption.


The content of this course is based upon materials found on the U.S. Department of State travel.state.gov website and other internet resources.


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