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EFFECTS OF STRESS IN EARLY LIFE


STRESS AND THE IMMUNE SYSTEM

Stress also alters immune function. Stressed individuals tend to have leukocytosis (an abnormally high number of white blood cells, in the blood) that are mostly neutrophils (a type of white blood cell that plays a major role in the body's defense against bacteria, viruses, and fungi), reduced circulating T cells (a white blood cell responsible for the body's immunity), altered immunoglobulin levels, and diminished mitogen proliferative responses (affecting cell division) and natural killer cell activity. Chronic stress may also reduce antibody responses after immunization and have other long-term effects on health.

 

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